Operational Brevity words, BFM terminology, and Military Aviation Acronyms

Glossary terms starting with "A"



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A-Pole

The distance from the launching aircraft to the target when the missile begins active terminal guidance.

A/A

Air to Air

A/C GW

Aircraft Gross Weight

AAA

Antiaircraft Artillery.

AACMI

Autonomous Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation. Also known as Flight Profile Recorder or FPR system.

AAI/Apx

Air-to-Air Interrogator.

AAM

Air-to-Air Missile

AANCH

All Afterburner, No Compass Heading. Moving a lot with nothing being accomplished. “The new Lt is All Afterburner with No Compass Heading”.

AAR

Air-to-Air Refueling.

AAW

Anti-air Warfare.

AB

Afterburner

ABCC

Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center.

Abort

Directive to cease action/attack/event/mission.

ac, AC

Alternating Current

ACA

Airspace Coordination Area: A three-dimensional box in the sky defined by grid and/or land references and an altitude block (AGL). The intent of an ACA is to allow simultaneous attack of targets near each other by multiple fire support means, one of which is air. (See Army Field Manual 6-20).

ACBT

Air Combat Training; a general term which includes (D)BFM, (D)ACM, and (D)ACT.

ACC

Air Component Commander.

Acceleration Maneuver

An offensive or defensive maneuver, flown in the vertical plane, if possible, designed to increase or reduce distance from an object. A low Yo-Yo is an acceleration maneuver.

ACE

Airborne Command Element (AWACS/ABCCC).

ACFT

Aircraft

ACM

Air Combat Maneuvering; training designed to achieve proficiency in element formation maneuvering and the coordinated application of BFM to achieve a simulated kill or effectively defend against one or more aircraft from a planned starting position.

ACMI

Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation

ACO

Airspace Control Order. Document that details all approved airspace requests. The ACO will complement the ATO cycle and serve as the single planning document for airspace considerations.

ACT

Air Combat Tactics; training in the application of BFM and ACM skills to achieve a tactical air-to-air objective.

Action

Directive to initiate a briefed attack sequence or maneuver.

ADA

Air Defense Artillery.

ADC

Air Data Converter

ADG

Accessory Drive Gearbox

ADI

Attitude Director Indicator

ADIZ

Air Defense Identification Zone.

Adverse Yaw

The tendency of an aircraft to yaw away from the applied aileron while at high angles of attack.

Advisory Control

A mode of control in which the controlling agency has communications but no radar capability.

Aerodynamic Center

A point on the wing chord through which aircraft lift is directed. The aerodynamic center is usually defined as the point on the longitudinal axis of the airplane where the lift vector is centered. The distance between the aerodynamic center and the center of gravity is static margin, and is the major factor affecting the longitudinal static stability of the aircraft.

AF Form 1

Toilet Paper

AFAC

Airborne Forward Air Controller.

AGCAS

Auto Ground Collision Avoidance System

AGL

Above Ground Level.

AGM

Air-to-Ground Missile.

AHC

Advanced or Aircraft Handling Characteristics; training designed to gain proficiency in and to exploit the flight envelope of the aircraft, consistent with operational and safety constraints.

AI

Air Interdiction/Air Intercept.

AIFF

Advanced Identification, Friend or Foe

AIM

Air Intercept Missile

Air Refueling Time

Planned lapsed time from ARCT to drop off.

Air Refueling Track

A flight path designated for air refueling.

Airborne Order

A command authorization for tactical flight (departure time will be specified).

Aircraft Axis

There are three axis which are mutually perpendicular and have a common point of intersection. The aircraft longitudinal axis is parallel to the fuselage reference line. Aircraft rotation around this axis is roll or bank. The aircraft vertical axis is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis through the center of the aircraft. Rotation around this axis is yaw. The aircraft lateral axis is perpendicular to both the longitudinal and vertical axes at the point of intersection. Rotation around this axis is pitch.

AIS

Aircraft Instrumentation System

AJ

Antijamming

AL

Aft/Left

ALIC

Aircraft launcher interface computer.

ALO

Air liaison officer.

ALOW

Automatic Low Altitude Warning

Alpha Check

Request for bearing and range to described point.

ALT

Altitude or Altimeter or Alternate

AM

Amplitude Modulation

AMMO

Ammunition

AMRAAM

Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile

AMUX

Aircraft Analog, Discrete and Avionics Multiplex

Anchor

Orbit about a specific point; ground track flown by tanker. Information call indicates a turning engagement about a specific location.

Angels

Height of aircraft in thousands of feet.

Angle Of Attack (Aoa)

The angle between the cord line of the wing (mean chord line) and the relative wind.

Angle-off

The angle formed by the extension of the longitudinal axes of two aircraft. Angle is measured from defender's 6 o'clock. Also called track crossing angle.

ANT

Antenna

AoA

Angle of Attack

AOB

Air Order of Battle.

AP

Autopilot

APCC

Aircraft Pod Control Computer

Apex/Alamo

Training term used to denote simulated launch of enemy, all-aspect radar missile.

Aphid/Archer

Training term used to denote simulated launch of enemy, rear hemisphere heat seeking missiles.

AR, A/R

Aerial Refueling

Arcing

Flying a circular flight path which allows another aircraft the use of cutoff to gain closure.

ARCP

Air Refueling Control Point; the planned geographic point over which the receiver(s) arrive in the observation/precontact position with respect to the assigned tanker.

ARCT

Air Refueling Control Time; the planned time that the receiver and tanker will arrive over the ARCP-

ARI

Aileron-Rudder Interconnect

ARIP

Air Refueling Initial Point; the planned point to enter the refueling track.

ARM

Antiradiation Missile.

Arm/Armed (Safe/Hot)

Select armament (safe/hot), or armament is safe/hot.

Armament Safety Check

Action taken by an aircrew to review armament selection switches to preclude the inadvertent -launch/release of armament (Switches Safe).

ARMT

Armament

ARS

Air Rescue Service.

As Fragged

Fighter, FAC, mission package, or agency will be performing exactly as stated by the air tasking order.

ASE

Aircraft Survivability Equipment. An aircraft's defensive systems (RWR, jammers, chaff, and flares).

ASIP

Aircraft Structural Integrity Program

ASM

Air-to-Surface Missile.

ASOC

Air Support Operations Center.

Aspect

Request/comment regarding target aspect information.

Aspect Angle

The angle between the longitudinal axis of the target (projected rearward) and the line-of-sight to the fighter, measured from the tail of the target. The attackers heading is not a consideration. (Whenever the attacker is pointed at the bogey, angle-off and aspect are the same.)

ASPIS

Advanced Self-Protection Integrated Suite. The electronic warfare equipment for the Hellenic Air Force.

ASPJ

Airborne Self Protection Jammer (AN/ALQ-165)

ASUW

Antisurface Warfare.

ASW

Antisubmarine Warfare.

ATO

Air Tasking Order (Frag)-Assigns air-to-air and air-to-surface targets, TOTS, and mission support information.

ATOC

Allied Tactical Operations Center (NATO).

Atoll

Rear hemisphere heat-seeking missile.

ATT

Attitude

Attack Axis

An orientation direction usually thought of as an imaginary line passing through the target on some particular headingexample, the range run-in heading.

Attack Restriction

Ingress, ordnance delivery, or egress restrictions depending on situation, i.e., threats, weather, terrain, ROE, etc.

Attack/Attacking()

Indicates air-to-surface attack on a specific ground target.

Authenticate()

To request or provide a response for a coded challenge.

Autonomous

Aircrew is operating without benefit of GCI/AWACS control.

Autonomous Intercept

Intercepts initiated by aircrew when no target information is being received from command and control sources.

AUX

Auxiliary

AVTR

Airborne Videotape Recorder

AWACS

Airborne Warning and Control System.