Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 24 Dec 2019, 07:02
by Corsair1963
Services Get First Look At Air Force Multi-Domain Chops

F22F35.png


Senior Pentagon and service officials observed the last day of the ground-breaking ABMS exercise and the Air Force engaged Northern Command to create and manage the scenario.

WASHINGTON: With an eye on a skeptical Congress and the 2021 budget battle, the Air Force has wrapped the first of many planned joint exercises to demonstrate the Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS), which the service sees as the heart of DoD’s emerging concept of Multi-Domain Operations.

“Cloud, mesh networking, and software-defined systems were the stars of the show, all developed at commercial internet speeds,” Air Force acquisition head Will Roper said after the exercise.

The stakes are high. The 2021 budget request will be the first big shot at getting ABMS underway. Roper noted in a Nov. 26 speech at the Center for a New American Security and the post-exercise Air Force press release reaffirmed that the service “intends to bolster these resources over the next five years.”




The “ABMS Onramp” test — staged Dec. 16-18 in Florida — involved aircraft from the Air Force and Navy, a Navy destroyer, an Army air defense sensor and fire unit, and a special operations unit, as well as commercial space and ground sensors in a scenario that simulated a cruise missile threat to the US homeland, according to the Air Force.

The exercise “tested technology being developed to enable the military’s developing concept called Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2),” the Air Force release said.


Demonstrating the real-world value of the complex, software-centric ABMS ‘system of systems’ that will enable JADC2 (formerly known as Multi-Domain Command and Control) is key to garnering support from lawmakers, but also from other service leaders, as Roper has admitted.

Specifically, the exercise involved QF-16 aircraft simulating a cruise missile attack. Once the missile signature was detected, the Air Force used “new software, communications equipment and a ‘mesh network’,” to relay the information to the USS Thomas Hudner, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer deployed in the Gulf of Mexico. “The same information was passed to a pair of Air Force F-35s and another pair of F-22s. Also receiving the information were commanders at Eglin, a pair of Navy F-35s, an Army unit equipped with a mobile missile launcher known as HIMARS, and special forces on the ground,” the Air Force says.



(HIMARS, the Army’s M-142 Highly Mobile Artillery Rocket System is mounted on a 5-ton Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles XM1140A1 truck chassis, and can launch six MLRS rockets or one ATACMS missile.)

As I reported earlier this month, the exercise included testing the so-called “dataONE” cloud-based data repository that is intended to eventually house data from all sensors — regardless of service and including commercial sensors — used by the military. The dataONE repository is the successor to the Air Force’s ground-breaking Unified Data Library experiment to compile data from military and commercial space situational awareness radar, telescopes and satellites.

Up to now, ABMS testing has been a piecemeal effort, focused on individual technology demonstrations such as the Global Lightening effort at Air Force Research Laboratory to connect various aircraft to commercial satellites providing Internet capability.

The 2020 National Defense Authorization Act, signed by President Trump late Friday, provides $33.6 million for ABMS, a cut of $2 million from DoD’s $35.6 million request. However, given the fact that pieces of ABMS currently are dispersed into a number of experimental projects, the Air Force “expects to receive around $185 million this fiscal year,” the service said.

Reflecting skepticism on both sides of Capitol Hill, the 2020 NDAA demands that DoD and the Air Force provide a raft of documentation explaining the system and presenting a final analysis of alternatives (AoA) by June 2020.

https://breakingdefense.com/2019/12/osd ... ain-chops/

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 24 Dec 2019, 09:45
by spazsinbad
Air Force, Navy, Army conduct first ‘real world’ test of Advanced Battle Management System
23 Dec 2019 Capt. Cara Bousie and Charles Pope, Secretary of the Air Force Public Affairs

"EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. (AFNS) -- In the first field test of a novel approach to warfighting, communicating and decision-making, the Air Force, Navy and Army used new methods and technology Dec. 16-18 for collecting, analyzing and sharing information in real time to identify and defeat a simulated cruise missile threat to the United States.

A three-day long exercise of the Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS) tested technology being developed to enable the military’s developing concept called Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2). When fully realized, senior leaders say JADC2 will be the backbone of operations and deterrence, allowing U.S. forces from all services as well as allies to orchestrate military operations across all domains, such as sea, land, air, space and cyber operations. The technology under development via ABMS enables this concept by simultaneously receiving, fusing and acting upon a vast array of data and information from each of these domains – all in an instant. The Air Force expects to receive around $185 million this fiscal year for this effort, and intends to bolster these resources over the next five years, underscoring both its importance and potential.

“In order to develop the right capability that the operator needs at speed, we partner with Combatant Commanders every four months to ensure that what we are building addresses the array of challenges presented by the National Defense Strategy across the globe,” said Preston Dunlap, the Chief Architect of the Air Force who is kick-starting ABMS.

This initial exercise focused on defending the homeland…. Events culminated on Dec. 18 when senior leaders from across the Department of Defense arrived at the test’s command and control hub for an ABMS overview and abbreviated exercise. All at once in a well-secured room, they watched real-time data pour in, and out of, the command cell. They observed information from platforms and people flowing instantly and simultaneously across air, land, sea and space that provided shared situational updates as events occurred whether the information originated from jets, or passing satellites, or from sea and ground forces on the move. Then, the group transitioned to outdoor tents to continue the exercise in a rugged environment, where senior leaders could also inspect first-hand and learn about high-speed Air Force and industry equipment and software that enabled the week’s test.

“Today’s demo is our first time demonstrating internet-of-things connectivity across the joint force,” Air Force acquisitions lead Dr. Will Roper said. “Cloud, mesh networking and software-defined systems were the stars of the show, all developed at commercial internet speeds.”

He also spoke to the necessity of industry partnership and leveraging their expertise. “Our four-month ‘connect-a-thon’ cycle unlocks industry’s ability to iterate with testers, acquirer, and warfighters. For example, the insights from connecting the F-22 and F-35 for the first time will help our industry partners take the next leap,” Roper said.

The demonstration was the first of its kind in a series of exercises scheduled to occur roughly every four months. Each new exercise will build on the one before and include responses to problems and lessons learned. Dunlap said the intent is to move much faster than before to conceive, build and test new technologies and strategies despite complexity or technical challenges....

...An equally important goal is to demonstrate the real-world value of the hard-to-describe effort in tangible, understandable ways. JADC2, previously named multi-domain operations command and control, relies on ABMS to develop software and algorithms so that artificial intelligence and machine learning can compute and connect vast amounts of data from sensors and other sources at a speed and accuracy far beyond what is currently attainable. ABMS also includes hardware updates including radios, antenna, and more robust networks that enable unimpeded data flow to operators. Aside from tools and tech, JADC2 also demands a cultural change among service men and women that embraces and responds to multi-faceted battlespaces driven by information shared across the joint force.

The critical difference going forward is to create a failsafe system that gets – and shares - real time information across multiple spaces and platforms simultaneously. Achieving this will remove barriers that can keep information from personnel and units that need it. For example, once in place, the new command and control ability will allow F-16 and F-35 pilots to see the same information at the same time in the same way along with a submarine commander, a space officer controlling satellites and an Army Special Forces unit on the ground."

Source: https://www.af.mil/News/Article-Display ... anagement/

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 24 Dec 2019, 20:42
by madrat
It is already about a billion times better at giving commanders situational awareness than we had during Desert Storm.

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 25 Dec 2019, 01:36
by Corsair1963
This is going to be revolution on the way we fight future conflicts. Nations that don't "heed" that change will quickly be pushed aside...
:shock:

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 08 Jan 2020, 04:38
by spazsinbad
What if Air Force tankers became a communications node?
06 Jan 2019 Valerie Insinna

"SCOTT AIR FORCE BASE, Ill. — For decades, the Air Force’s tanker fleet have logged hours transferring fuel, transporting troops and serving as flying ambulances. Soon, the tankers could add another mission to the list: relaying communications data as part of the Air Force’s new mesh network. Air Mobility Command leaders are exploring whether aerial refueling aircraft could become a communications node in the Advanced Battle Management System, Lt. Gen. Jon Thomas, the organization’s deputy commander, told Defense News in a December interview....

...Tankers are well-suited to be used as communications nodes for two reasons, Thomas said. One, aerial refueling planes are typically large, wide-body aircraft that have enough excess space and power to host additional communication systems. The second is their location during combat. One way to operate tanker aircraft is to position them near a contested airspace, close enough for fighters and other airborne assets to refuel as needed before returning to battle, he said.

“If you’re in that spot, you also have a great opportunity by virtue of that position. You can communicate to a lot of different assets if you have the right equipment on the tanker. You can communicate line of sight to other air assets. You can communicate line of sight possibly to some assets on the surface,” Thomas said. “If you have the ability to get to the space layer and communicate, then you can also be a pathway from line-of-sight to beyond line-of-sight, to the space layer. If you have a resilient space architecture, then you can lateral across and then come back down to a ground entry point.”

The Air Force’s newest tanker, the KC-46, has communications and defensive systems that would allow it to become a communications relay without needing significant upgrades, Thomas said....

...“Experimentation is … the next step,” he said. “What are the additional waveforms that [we] need to have for line of sight? What are the additional ways that we can connect to the space layer?” One endeavor already underway is the Global Lightning experiment, in which a KC-135 will be outfitted with equipment for communication with SpaceX’s Starlink — a planned “megaconstellation” of hundreds of satellites in low-Earth orbit set to provide high-bandwidth commercial internet — as well as other equipment from vendors such as Iridium and L3Harris.

“It's one thing to have to engineer it and cut a hole in the skin of the airplane, and put an antenna and do some internal racks and all that,” Thomas said. The bigger question will be whether the Air Force can put new technologies on the tanker quickly and grow them over time, he said. “Far too often in the past, we have had great ideas and great capabilities that we put on airplanes,” he said. “[But] we’ve had no ability to go further because either the information is proprietary to a certain vendor, or we didn’t build in the size, weight, power cooling, thermal management that would allow us to add more equipment or have more capability.”"

Source: https://www.c4isrnet.com/air/2020/01/06 ... ions-node/

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 23 Jan 2020, 14:51
by spazsinbad
After Successful Data Transfer Between F-35 and F-22, Air Force Plans New Tests
22 Jan 2020 Oriana Pawlyk

"The U.S. Air Force plans to conduct additional tests at its combatant commands of a sophisticated data-sharing system that fuses intelligence data from multiple platforms, according to top service officials. Dr. Will Roper, assistant secretary of the Air Force for acquisition, technology and logistics, and Preston Dunlap, the service's chief architect for the Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS), explained Tuesday that developers went to U.S. Northern Command first for key tests to see if the military services could execute multi-domain operations by pooling resources.

In one case, it included a highly publicized F-22 Raptor and F-35 Joint Strike Fighter data transfer test, conducted in December off the coast of Florida. "We did begin to pass data back and forth over what we call a low-probability-of-detection intercept," said Dunlap, adding that the test involved Air Force fifth-generation fighters and Navy F-35Bs transferring data securely…. That experiment tested a solution built by Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Honeywell: "GatewayONE," a radio and antenna system.... [then info about other combinations]

...Roper said testers had a low baseline for success: Roughly a 10% success rate would have been enough. But in the Northern Command exercise, Roper said he was "thrilled" that 26 test points out of 28 worked. "That's too high of the success rate this first time, but I'll take it," he said.

Air Force Gen. Terrence O'Shaughnessy, head of NORTHCOM and North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), and Deputy Secretary of Defense David Norquist were able to witness how the decision-making process could be streamlined. Instead of a multitude of phone calls between top officials on minute-by-minute developments, "people are no longer the glue," Roper said. "The information flows everywhere all at once, and the people are the assessors, the analyzers, the feedback providers," he said.

The success of the ABMS tests should prompt defense companies to compete to reconfigure older, legacy systems that could one day connect to a larger network to give service members data and intelligence in real-time, Roper said. "What I hope industry will see in the Advanced Battle Management System program is a pot of money that is for connecting things, both new things and legacy things, and that it is open for competition," he said.

ABMS will get better -- especially through the use of automation and artificial intelligence built into the system -- as it self-corrects and learns over time, Roper said. "Sometimes, when we talk about command and control, the control sounds like building a system that tells you what to do. And that's really not what ABMS is about," he said. "Very similar to the way the app 'Waze' works, it's [about] helping you be a better driver. … It understands your likes and dislikes, and it's pulling information from the world around you. "The more you interact with the app, the better the analytics get," he said."

Source: https://www.military.com/daily-news/202 ... tests.html

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 23 Jan 2020, 15:11
by spazsinbad
The Air Force tested its Advanced Battle Management System. Here’s what worked, and what didn’t.
22 Jan 2020 Valerie Insinna [brain dead full stop in title string with TWO SENTENCES?! WTF]

"WASHINGTON — The first field test of the U.S. Air Force’s experimental Advanced Battle Management System in December was a success, with about 26 out of 28 capabilities showing some semblance of functionality during a recent exercise, the service’s acquisition chief said Tuesday....

...The three-day test took place at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, and involved a potential cruise missile attack on the United States simulated by QF-16 drones. Through the exercise, Air Force F-22 jets, Air Force and Navy F-35 fighters, the Navy destroyer Thomas Hudner, an Army unit equipped with the High Mobility Artillery Rocket System, as well as special operators shared data in real time in ways the services cannot currently do in an operational environment....

The F-35 and F-22 were able to stealthily exchange data… However, the first ABMS test showed hopeful signs [wonder she didn't use LOOM] for fifth-generation fighter communication.
[ https://www.c4isrnet.com/air/2019/11/12 ... xperiment/ ]
The demonstration involved radio systems — built by F-35 prime contractor Lockheed Martin as well as Northrop Grumman, which manufactures key structures and mission systems for the aircraft, including MADL, Dunlap said. The demo also included Honeywell-made antennas built to speak across both MADL and IFDL, he added.

Those systems were integrated onto a ground based rig that “look[ed] like a big piece of hardware with radios on it,” according to Roper. Then, the F-35 and F-22 flew over the system, exchanging data by bouncing it back-and-forth from the ground-based radios, Dunlap said. He noted that the test verified that existing technology can be used to overcome three obstacles: translating the F-35’s MADL to the F-22’s IFDL; moving data across the different frequencies; and securing the communication. "It was really herculean,” Dunlap said. "[The contractors] were excited by the speed of the acquisition team to get the ball going."..." [then info about other tests/options]

Source: https://www.c4isrnet.com/air/2020/01/22 ... hat-didnt/

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 23 Jan 2020, 15:22
by spazsinbad
Different details excerpted sometimes but same story....
First Data-Sharing Demonstration Opens New Joint Warfare Possibilities
21 Jan 2020 Rachel S. Cohen

"A recent Air Force demonstration to share data between USAF and Navy fighter jets, Army munitions, a Navy destroyer, and more proved largely successful, paving the way for a bigger test in April.... [youse know the story by now]

...Service officials are already considering some tweaks for the next demo. US Space Command and US Strategic Command will join NORTHCOM for the experiment. The gateway, a box equipped with radio antennas that can translate between F-35 and F-22 data languages, sat on the ground for the first test. In April, it will be airborne—possibly on the XQ-58 Valkyrie drone being designed as a fighter jet wingman known as “Skyborg.”..."

Source:: https://www.airforcemag.com/first-data- ... ibilities/

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 04 May 2020, 21:44
by spazsinbad
Northrop to prototype communications gateway for fifth-generation fighters
04 May 2020 Greg Waldron

"Northrop Grumman will develop the prototype of a new system that enables improved communications among diverse platforms. The company labels the system gatewayOne, and is undertaking the work under the US Air Force’s (USAF’s) Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS) effort, following a contract with the service’s Life Cycle Management Center.

“Northrop Grumman is providing engineering, management and technical assistance for the air force’s integration of net-centric 5th-to-5th generation aircraft communications capabilities and other platforms into a modular, open-architecture gateway,” says the company....

...The USAF operates two fifth-generation types: the Lockheed Martin F-35 and F-22. Longer term, ABMS is seen as linking these two types as well as a diverse range of other aircraft, naval assets, and ground units. The USAF hopes that ABMS will become the sole network of all US military services, but the US Army and US Navy have yet to commit.

In addition, Northrop adds, the capability could help network proposed “attritable aircraft”, which will be affordable unmanned systems that accompany manned aircraft in challenging combat scenarios.

While ABMS holds great promise for networking diverse assets, it recently came in for criticism from the US Government Accountability Office (GAO). In an April report, the GAO contended that the initiative lacked organisational structure in areas such as establishing detailed plans and overall cost estimates."

Source: https://www.flightglobal.com/fixed-wing ... 98.article

Re: Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS)

Unread postPosted: 05 May 2020, 16:57
by spazsinbad
GatewayONE to Link Fourth-, Fifth-Gen Fighters
04 May 2020 John A. Tirpak

"Northrop Grumman will test a system that will allow fourth- and fifth-generation fighters to talk to each other, as well as “attritable” aircraft, during the next iteration of the Advanced Battle Management System experiment....

...The system, being developed under a contract let last October by the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center C3I & Networks Directorate—Northrop would not discuss its terms—is a “modular, open-architecture gateway” that uses both voice and data to allow the aircraft to communicate, the company said in a May 1 press release. The system is a programmable radio carried by the aircraft and requires neither physical modification nor the use of a flying “translator” aircraft like the manned E-11A or unmanned EQ-4B Battlefield Airborne Communication Network, or BACN.

Northrop said the system is based on its “Freedom” software-driven radio. It is “developing affordable variants customized to fit multiple platforms,” the company said in a press release....

...Preston Dunlap, the Air Force’s architect for ABMS, said after the last experiment, “We did begin to pass data back and forth over what we call a low probability of detection intercept” system and pass voice and data between Air Force F-22s and Navy F-35s. He said that gateway was built by Northrop, Lockheed Martin, and Honeywell.

The postponed April experiment for ABMS was to have featured the XQ-58 Valkyrie using the gateway, and this is likely to play in the next iteration. Air Force budget documents indicated the service will install some gateway hardware on the KC-46 tanker."

Source: https://www.airforcemag.com/northrop-wo ... -fighters/